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    The structure estar + gerundio in Spanish grammar is similar to the English present progressive tense. 

    We use this construction to emphasise the process or progression of action in the present. We use the verb estar plus the gerund of the main verb to conjugate this tense.  

    We use the structure estar + gerundio to express:
    an action that is in progress at the moment of speaking a recurring action an ongoing temporary action.

    To describe any momentaneous action i.e the action happening at the moment.(Picture description)

    Gerund form can be used :

    Exams:
    Criteria A (Listening comprehension)
    Criteria C (Picture description and orals)